Summer and early autumn are virtually dry, and spring is fairly tepid. United Nations Security Council Resolution 688 gave birth to a safe haven following international concern for the safety of Kurdish refugees. Winning team of football tournament, May 2017, Domiz 2 camp, Duhok, Kurdistan Region - Iraq. Address of Kurdistan iracheno - Erbil, submit your review or ask any question, search nearby places on map. Student Transportation Activity, October 2017, Domiz camp, Dahuk, Kurdistan Region - Iraq. [32][33][34][35] Later, the region was incorporated by the Romans as the Roman Assyria province but shortly retaken by the Sassanids who established the Satrap of Assuristan (Sassanid Assyria) in it until the Arab Islamic conquest. L'autonomia del Kurdistan iracheno. 6. The Tigris river enters Iraqi Kurdistan from Turkish Kurdistan. During this period, the Kurds were subjected to a double embargo: one imposed by the United Nations on Iraq and one imposed by Saddam Hussein on their region. Hillman and A.J Legge, Published 2000, Oxford University Press, A Dictionary of Scripture Geography, p 57, by John Miles, 486 pages, Published 1846, Original from Harvard University. (2013). The Baath party under Saddam Hussein engaged in active expulsion of minorities from the mid-1970s onwards. The earliest neolithic site in Kurdistan is at Tell Hassuna, the centre of the Hassuna culture, circa 6000 BC. While Kurdistan is known for its strong cultural unity, Kurdistan is home to numerous languages, religions and political factions. [14], Bird species include, the see-see partridge, Menetries's warbler, western jackdaw, Red-billed chough, hooded crow, European nightjar, rufous-tailed scrub robin, masked shrike and the pale rockfinch. Kurdish culture is a group of distinctive cultural traits practiced by Kurdish people. "Iraq's Marshes Show Progress toward Recovery", "Climate: Arbil – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table", "Erbil Weather Forecast and Climate Information", "Introduction : GENOCIDE IN IRAQ: The Anfal Campaign Against the Kurds (Human Rights Watch Report, 1993)", "Page 9 – The Internally Displaced People of Iraq", "Death Clouds: Saddam Hussein's Chemical War Against the Kurds", "Human Rights Watch Report About Anfal Campaign, 1993", "Iraqi Kurdistan: contours of a post-civil war society", "Kurds Reluctant to Send Troops to Baghdad", "Iraqi Kurdish leader says region will defend itself", "Two dead, 10 wounded after Iraqi, Kurdish forces clash in northern Iraq –, "Kurdish Leader: We Will Vote For Independence Soon", "The tide is finally turning for the Kurds – Especially in Turkey", "Tensions mount between Baghdad and Kurdish region as Kurds seize oil fields", "Kurdish leaders are postponing plans for a referendum on independence and say they instead will devote their efforts to forging a new Iraqi government", "House Republican Wants To Work Around Baghdad, Arm the Kurds", "BBC News – Iraq conflict: Why Irbil matters", "Barzani: Time is ripe for referendum; Kurdish independence brings the region peace", "Barzani: Kurdistan will hold referendum before October", "Kurdistan will hold independence referendum in 2017, senior official", "Massive 'yes' vote in Iraqi Kurd independence referendum", "Iraqi forces seize oil city Kirkuk from Kurds in bold advance", "Iraq's Kurdistan says to respect court decision banning secession", Kurdistan’s Politicized Society Confronts a Sultanistic System (Carnegie Paper), Two-state solution (Iraqi–Kurdish negotiations), Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Iraq Region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iraqi_Kurdistan&oldid=992975456, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Kurdish-language text, Articles needing additional references from April 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 03:21. The Treaty of Sèvres (which did not enter into force), and the Treaty of Lausanne which superseded it, led to the advent of modern Western Asia and the modern Republic of Turkey. Based on weather reports collected during 2006–2015. Il Kurdistan iracheno. Praegu jääb Türgi, Iraagi, Iraani ja Süüria aladele. [51], The Ba'athist government of Iraq forcibly displaced and culturally Arabized minorities (Kurds, Yezidis, Assyrians, Shabaks, Armenians, Turkmen, Mandeans), in line with settler colonialist policies, from the 1960s to the early 2000s, in order to shift the demographics of North Iraq towards Arab domination. Under pressure from the Iraqi government and the British, the most influential leader of the clan, Mustafa Barzani was forced into exile in Iran in 1945. Tensions between Iraqi Kurdistan and the central Iraqi government mounted through 2011–2012 on the issues of power sharing, oil production and territorial control. La remedial secession e la earned sovereignty: il caso del Kurdistan iracheno. In April 2012, the president of Iraq's semi-autonomous northern Kurdish region demanded that officials agree to their demands or face the prospect of secession from Baghdad by September 2012. 77 likes. stân) is Persian for region. [50] The repressive measures carried out by the government against the Kurds after the Algiers agreement led to renewed clashes between the Iraqi Army and Kurdish guerrillas in 1977. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. I curdi e la loro posizione nel diritto internazionale. [59] Relations between the PUK and the KDP started to become dangerously strained from September 1993 after rounds of amalgamations occurred between parties. XXIII. Due to Qasim's profound distrust of the Iraqi Army, which he purposely failed to adequately arm (in fact, Qasim implemented a policy of ammunition rationing), Qasim's government was not able to subdue the insurrection. The campaign also included Arabization of Kirkuk, a program to drive Kurds and other ethnic groups out of the oil-rich city and replace them with Arab settlers from central and southern Iraq.[56]. Nel Kurdistan iracheno, oltre al Tigri, scorrono altri fiumi importanti quali il Grande Zab, il Piccolo Zab, il Sirvan e il Diyala; anche qui sono presenti sistemi di dighe. It is the first day of the month of Xakelêwe in Kurdish calendar and the first day of spring. Dal campo profughi di Erbil alla prima linea del fronte a pochi kilometri dal Califfato, i nostri reporter raccontano l'avanzata dell'Isis nel Kurdistan… Reportage dal Kurdistan iracheno on Vimeo Join Following Nader's death in 1747, Ottoman suzerainty was reimposed, and in 1831, direct Ottoman rule was established which lasted until World War I, when the Ottomans were defeated by the British. However, as of late 2015, no new Regions have been formed, and the KRG remains the only regional government within Iraq. Thank you for joining The Kurdish Project community! Among their neighbours, the Kurdish culture is closest to Persian culture. The largest lake in the region is Lake Dukan. In 1930, following the announcement of the admission of Iraq to the League of Nations, Shaikh Mahmoud started a third uprising which was suppressed with British air and ground forces.[40][41]. About ISPI - Work with us - Experts - Contact - For Media- Privacy. [69][70] On 11 July 2014, KRG forces seized control of the Bai Hassan and Kirkuk oilfields, prompting a condemnation from Baghdad and a threat of "dire consequences" if the oilfields were not relinquished back to Iraq's control. I curdi e i criteri per la definizione di popolo. [5][6] Much of the geographical and cultural region of Iraqi Kurdistan is part of the Kurdistan Region (KRI), an autonomous region recognized by the Constitution of Iraq. Moreover, the Soviet Union pressured the Iraqis to come to terms with Barzani. Following the unexpected death of Arif, whereupon he was replaced by his brother, Abdul Rahman Arif, the Iraqi government launched a last-ditch effort to defeat the Kurds. There is provision for Governorates to create, join or leave Regions. Things began to change after the 1991 uprising against Saddam Hussein at the end of the Persian Gulf War. The second and more extensive and widespread wave began from March 29, 1987 until April 23, 1989, when the Iraqi army under the command of Saddam Hussein & Ali Hassan al-Majid carried out a genocidal campaign against the Kurds, characterized by the following human rights violations: The widespread use of chemical weapons, the wholesale destruction of some 2,000 villages, and slaughter of around 50,000 rural Kurds, by the most conservative estimates. Before the region was conquered by Arab Muslims in the 7th century AD, numerous Kurdish tribes and small Kurdish empires flourished.Islamic rule over the Kurdish homeland by the Ottoman Empire came to end after WWI, but the Iraqi Kurds, who had lived between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, were segmented into different countries a… It recognized both the Kurdistan Region and all laws passed by the KRG since 1992. Bloody clashes between Iraqi forces and Kurdish troops continued and, after an uneasy and shaky balance of power was reached, the Iraqi government fully withdrew its military and other personnel from the region in October 1991 allowing Iraqi Kurdistan to function de facto independently. Qasim ignored the Kurdish demands and continued his planning for war. For example, they celebrate Newroz as the new year day, which is celebrated on March 21. During World War I, the British and French divided Western Asia in the Sykes-Picot Agreement. ; and Nader, I.A. Among other cities in the climate table below, Soran, Shaqlawa and Halabja also experience lows which average below 0 °C (32 °F) in winter. Ammianus Marcellinus, another fourth-century writer. This article is about the Kurdish region of Iraq. 964x557 - 257912 Octes 1214x707 - 302129 Octes 1078x1210 - 173555 Octes 962x1111 - 167960 Octes 491x591 - 23651 Octes 533x542 - 111703 Octes 536x696 - 148168 Octes 473x575 - 110694 Octes 871x709 - 196193 Octes 1153x879 - 532011 Octes 930x578 - 148908 Octes 542x857 - 169098 Octes 650x790 - 174326 Octes 1000x1415 - 412793 Octes 726x380 - 148620 Octes [46] Despite this, the Iraqi government embarked on an Arabization program in the oil rich regions of Kirkuk and Khanaqin in the same period.[47]. A peace plan was announced in March 1970 and provided for broader Kurdish autonomy. [51], The campaigns took place during the Iraqi–Kurdish conflict, being largely motivated by the Kurdish–Arab ethnic and political conflict. There are also several smaller lakes, such as Darbandikhan Lake and Duhok Lake. For the autonomous entity, see, Second Kurdish Iraqi War Algiers Agreement, The Edinburgh encyclopaedia, conducted by D. Brewster—Page 511, Original from Oxford University—published 1830, An Account of the State of Roman-Catholick Religion, Sir Richard Steele, Published 1715. This campaign failed in May 1966, when Barzani forces thoroughly defeated the Iraqi Army at the Battle of Mount Handrin, near Rawandiz. The desert in the south is mostly steppe and would feature xeric plants such as palm trees, tamarix, date palm, fraxinus, poa, white wormwood and chenopodiaceae. On 1 July 2014, Masoud Barzani announced that "Iraq's Kurds will hold an independence referendum within months. One of the major Assyrian cities in the area, Erbil (Arba-Ilu), was noted for its distinctive cult of Ishtar,[28] and the city was called "the Lady of Ishtar" by its Assyrian inhabitants. [61] In return, the Kurds under KDP enabled Saddam to establish an oil smuggling route through territory controlled by the KDP, with the active involvement of senior Barzani family members. As part of the deal arranged between Qasim and Barzani, Qasim had promised to give the Kurds regional autonomy in return for Barzani's support for his policies. Iraqi Kurdistan Kurdistan refers to portions of Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria, however only the Iraqi region of Kurdistan is discussed here. Al-Sheikhly, O.F. Dopo la sconfitta dell'esercito iracheno nella prima guerra del Golfo, nel marzo 1991, vi furono rivolte contro il regime di Saddam Hussein in tutto l'Iraq, in particolare nelle regioni del sud, a maggioranza sciita, e nelle regioni del nord, abitate dai … For Assyria, he lists three major cities – Babylon, Ctesiphon and Seleucia (Amm. Kurdish parties joined forces against the Iraqi government during the war in Spring 2003. During the Iran–Iraq War, the Iraqi government again implemented anti-Kurdish policies and a de facto civil war broke out. Processo di democratizzazione del Rojava siriano e del Kurdistan iracheno. Barzani went to Iran with many of his supporters. Marc. The Baathist policies motivating those events are sometimes referred to as "internal colonialism",[53] described by Dr. Francis Kofi Abiew as a "Colonial 'Arabization'" program, including large-scale Kurdish deportations and forced Arab settlement in the region.[54]. La regione confina con l'Iran a Est, con la Turchia a Nord, con la Siria a Ovest. By early 1960, it became apparent that Qasim would not follow through with his promise of regional autonomy. The region was host to the Jarmo culture circa 7000 BC. The League of Nations granted France mandates over Syria and Lebanon and granted the United Kingdom mandates over Palestine (which then consisted of two autonomous regions: Mandatory Palestine and Transjordan) and what was to become Iraq. The Kurds, an ethnic group numbering around 30 million people, is widely recognized to be the largest stateless national group in the world. Winters, however, are dramatically cooler than the rest of Iraq, with highs averaging between 9 °C (48 °F) and 11 °C (52 °F) and with lows hovering around 3 °C (37 °F) in some areas and freezing in others, dipping to −2 °C (28 °F) and 0 °C (32 °F) on average. 1925. aastal väisas Põhja-Iraaki Rahvasteliidu mõjukas uurimiskomisjon, mida juhatas kindral Johan Laidoner. Nel Kurdistan iraniano sgorgano i quattro fiumi principali e il lago Urmia, con una superficie di circa 5.500 kmq e diverse dighe per la produzione di energia idroelettrica. În Kurdistan investesc guvernul irakian, guvernul turc și alți 40 de investitori străini. The U.S. and the Coalition established a No Fly Zone over a large part of northern Iraq (see Operation Provide Comfort),[57] however, it left out Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk and other important Kurdish populated regions. Integrarea în Turcia a regiunilor majoritare de kurzi a fost disprețuită de către kurzi, și a creat un conflict pe termen lung cu mii de vieți pierdute. During the 2014 Northern Iraq offensive, Iraqi Kurdistan seized the city of Kirkuk and the surrounding area, as well as most of the disputed territories in Northern Iraq. With mediation by Algerian President Houari Boumediene, Iran and Iraq reached a comprehensive settlement in March 1975 known as the Algiers Pact. 4-set-2017 - Esplora la bacheca "Erbil Citadel" di su Pinterest. The Assyrian semi-independent kingdom of Adiabene was centred in Erbil in the first Christian centuries. With the escalation of the Iraqi crisis and fears of Iraq's collapse, Kurds have increasingly debated the issue of independence. The modern Kurdistan map includes parts of eastern Turkey, northern Syria, northern Iraq and northwestern Iran. By uploading your photo and comments you're agreeing to our terms of service. Date: 11/28/2016. [67] CNN reported that two people were killed (one of them an Iraqi soldier) and ten wounded in clashes at the Tuz Khurmato town. On the other hand, Kurds remained dependent on the Iranian military support and could do little to strengthen their forces. Annual Weather Averages in Mosul. A People Without A Home. Annual rainfall differs across Iraqi Kurdistan, with some places seeing rainfall as low as 500 millimetres (20 in) in Erbil to as high as 900 millimetres (35 in) in places like Amadiya. Iraqi Kurdistan or Southern Kurdistan[1] (Kurdish: باشووری کوردستان ,Başûrê Kurdistanê‎,[2][3][4]) is the part of Kurdistan in northern Iraq. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}36°55′N 44°2′E / 36.917°N 44.033°E / 36.917; 44.033. This can be partly attributed to the internal power struggle in Baghdad and also tensions with Iran. Assyrian kings are attested from the 23rd century BC according to the Assyrian King List, and Assyrian city-states such as Ashur and Ekallatum started appearing in the region from the mid-21st century BC. Infographics About Kurds and Kurdish Issues. As a result, the KDP began to agitate for regional autonomy. کردستان – Kurdistān, kurd. Most areas in the region fall within the Mediterranean climate zone (Csa), with areas to the southwest being semi-arid (BSh). The Status of the Iraq Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman 1956 and Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Linnaeus 1758 in Iraq. Curdi iracheni, curdi siriani, il potere e le loro relazioni con le democrazie occidentali. At this battle, it was said that the Kurds slaughtered an entire brigade. [74], In February 2016, Kurdish president Barzani stated once again that "Now the time is ripe for the people of Kurdistan to decide their future through a referendum", supporting an independence referendum and citing similar referenda in Scotland, Catalonia and Quebec. [78] This triggered a military operation in which the Iraqi government retook control of Kirkuk and surrounding areas,[79] and forced the KRG to annul the referendum.[80]. 6. The western and southern parts of Iraqi Kurdistan are not as mountainous as the east. In the Shade of a Tree: Religious Patterns in the Kurdistan Region from Late Antiquity to Modern Times Gianfilippo Terribili - Sapienza University of Rome Camilla Insom - L’Orientale University of Naples MAIKI (Missione Archeologica Italiana in Kurdistan Iracheno – DiSA Sapienza) The region was conquered by Arab Muslims in the mid 7th century AD as the invading forces conquered the Sassanian Empire, while Assyria was dissolved as a geo-political entity (although Assyrians remain in the area to this day), and the area made part of the Muslim Arab Rashidun, Umayyad, and later the Abbasid Caliphates, before becoming part of various Iranian, Turkic, and Mongol emirates. [48] By 1974, the Iraqi government retaliated with a new offensive against the Kurds and pushed them close to the border with Iran. [77], The 2017 Kurdistan Region independence referendum took place on September 25, with 92.73% voting in favor of independence. 1قەزای سلێمانی.jpg 4,135 × 5,849; 1.01 MB [44][45] Recognizing the futility of continuing this campaign, Rahamn Arif announced a 12-point peace program in June 1966, which was not implemented due to the overthrow of Rahman Arif in a 1968 coup by the Baath Party. The remains of a dried-up lake dating back almost 20,000 years (late Pleistocene-early Holocene) have been discovered by the archaeologists of the University of Udine in the Dohuk region, in Iraqi Kurdistan. By 1927, the Barzani clan had become vocal supporters of Kurdish rights in Iraq. Since the downfall of the regime of Saddam Hussein, the relations between the KRG and Turkey have been in flux. Meanwhile, during 1959–1960, Barzani became the head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), which was granted legal status in 1960. The region was to be ruled by the two principal Kurdish parties; the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). [29] The Assyrians ruled the region from the 21st century BC. Prior to the rule of king Ushpia circa 2030 BC, the city of Ashur appears to have been a regional administrative center of the Akkadian Empire, implicated by Nuzi tablets,[26] subject to their fellow Akkadian Sargon and his successors.[27]. Ajalugu. كوردستان – Kurdistan), pełna nazwa: Region Kurdystanu (arab. Iranian Kurdistan or Eastern Kurdistan (Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی کوردستان ,Rojhilatê Kurdistanê ‎) is an unofficial name for the parts of northwestern Iran with either a majority or sizable population of Kurds.Geographically, it includes the West Azerbaijan Province, Kurdistan Province, Kermanshah Province, Ilam Province and parts of Lorestan Province. A Legislative Assembly was established and Erbil became the capital of the new entity which lay in Northern Iraq, encompassing the Kurdish authorities of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah. After the military coup by Abdul Karim Qasim in 1958, Mustafa Barzani was invited by Qasim to return from exile, where he was greeted with a hero's welcome. The mountainous nature of Iraqi Kurdistan, the difference of temperatures in its various parts, and its wealth of waters make it a land of agriculture and tourism. The one-party rule which had dominated Iraq however meant that the new assembly was an overall component of Baghdad's central government; the Kurdish authority was installed by Baghdad and no multi-party system had been inaugurated in Iraqi Kurdistan, and as such the local population enjoyed no particular democratic freedom denied to the rest of the country. Il Kurdistan iracheno. Gali Zinta (Zinta Valley) near Akre town, Duhok Governorate, in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq DSC 3715.jpg 6,016 × 4,000; 13.29 MB Gate of Amedi in Kurdistan 01.jpg 6,016 × 4,000; 14.88 MB Gate of Amedi in Kurdistan 03.jpg 6,016 × 4,000; 14.76 MB "[69] After previously opposing the independence for Iraqi Kurdistan, Turkey later gave signs that it could recognize an independent Kurdish state. Il Kurdistan iracheno rappresenta una delle zone più problematiche di tutta l’area, poiché il popolo curdo si è trovato sparso nei vari paesi limitrofi a seguito della divisione del Medio Oriente operata da Francia e Gran … The Kurdish culture is a legacy from the various ancient peoples who shaped modern Kurds and their society, but primarily Iranian. [67] On 16 November 2012 a military clash between the Iraqi forces and the Peshmerga resulted in one person killed. A new constitution of Iraq was established in 2005, defining Iraq as a federalist state consisting of Regions and Governorates. In prehistoric times, the region was home to a Neanderthal culture such as has been found at the Shanidar Cave. Between the 16th and 17th century the area nowadays known as Iraqi Kurdistan, (formerly ruled by three principalities of Baban, Badinan, and Soran) was continuously passed back and forth between archrivals the Safavids and the Ottomans, until the Ottomans managed to decisively seize power in the region starting from the mid 17th century through the Ottoman–Safavid War (1623–39) and the resulting Treaty of Zuhab. It was not until September 10, when an Iraqi army column was ambushed by a group of Kurds, that the Kurdish revolt truly began. [81] Other peoples such as Arabs, Assyrians, Armenians, Shabaks and Mandeans have their own distinctive cultures. [63], Iraqi Kurds played an important role in the Iraq War. The large Kurdish town of Qala Dizeh (population 70,000) was completely destroyed by the Iraqi army. Kurdistan (/ ˌ k ɜːr d ɪ ˈ s t æ n, ˈ s t ɑː n /; Kurdish: Kurdistan ,کوردستان ‎ [ˌkʊɾdɪˈstɑːn] (); lit. Duhok has the hottest summers in the region, with highs averaging around 42 °C (108 °F). [12][13], Animals found in the region include the Syrian brown bear, wild boar, gray wolf, golden jackal, Indian crested porcupine, red fox, goitered gazelle, Eurasian otter, striped hyena, Persian fallow deer, onager, mangar and the Euphrates softshell turtle. [60] This led to internecine and intra-Kurdish conflict and warfare between 1994 and 1996. [8][9] One of the ancient names of Kurdistan is Corduene.[10][11]. Following the disintegration of the Ak Koyunlu, all of its territories including what is modern-day Iraqi Kurdistan passed to the Iranian Safavids in the earliest 16th century. Kurdish military forces, known as Peshmerga, played an important role in the overthrow of the Iraqi government;[64] however, Kurds have been reluctant to send troops into Baghdad since then, preferring not to be dragged into the sectarian struggle that so dominates much of Iraq.[65]. L'origine della questione curda e l'applicabilità del diritto all'autodeterminazione. In late 1931, Ahmed Barzani initiated a Kurdish rebellion against Iraq, and though defeated within several months, the movement gained a major importance in the Kurdish struggle later on, creating the ground for such a notable Kurdish rebel as Mustafa Barzani. Later he moved to the Soviet Union after the collapse of the Republic of Mahabad in 1946.[42][43]. Most of the rain falls in winter and spring, and is usually heavy. [71], In September, Kurdish leaders decided to postpone the referendum so as to focus on the fight against ISIL. N. Maxoudian, "Early Armenia as an Empire: The Career of Tigranes III, 95–55 BC", Village on the Euphrates: From Foraging to Farming at Abu Hureyra, by A.M.T Moore, G.C. The region was known as Assyria, and was the center of various Assyrian empires (particularly during the periods 1813–1754 BC, 1385–1076 BC and the Neo Assyrian Empire of 911–608 BC. In 1978 and 1979, 600 Kurdish villages were burned down and around 200,000 Kurds were deported to the other parts of the country. Instead, it is rolling hills and plains vegetated by sclerophyll scrubland. During World War II, the power vacuum in Iraq was exploited by the Kurdish tribes and under the leadership of Mustafa Barzani a rebellion broke out in the north, effectively gaining control of Kurdish areas until 1945, when Iraqis could once again subdue the Kurds with British support. Please review before submitting if you have questions. di Andrea Beccaro. However, defiant to the British, in 1922 Shaikh Mahmoud declared a Kurdish Kingdom with himself as king. The region became a center of the Assyrian Church of the East and a flourishing Syriac literary tradition during Sassanid rule.[36][37][38]. Click each marker to explore the region, view pictures, and learn more. Sep 18 (743 news) Rojname Trends . Iraqi Kurdistan sees snowfall occasionally in the winter, and frost is common. The map was built with Google Maps and highlights cities that have historically been inhabited by large Kurdish populations. [52] In 1978 and 1979, 600 Kurdish villages were burned down and around 200,000 Kurds were deported to the other parts of the country.